Beginners Guide to Getting Rekt by Impermanent Loss by Nate Hindman Bancor

These are weighted equally in order to create a market for users to trade in and out of. In this guide, we will explain exactly what impermanent loss is, provide an easy to follow example and outline the steps investors can implement to mitigate the risk. The advent of decentralized finance (DeFi) has opened up a world of possibilities for cryptocurrency investors to earn interest on their holdings. The easiest way to fully understand impermanent loss is to go through a quick example. However, an investor can significantly reduce the impact of impermanent loss by following the above-discussed precautionary ways.

This functionality allows you to get APY higher than standard instruments on official platforms, thanks to the constant re-staking of the received user rewards. An additional benefit is optimizing the network fee payment, thanks to the collective formation of a high TVL for each pool and an optimized smart contract. Since the value of Token A & B being held would be $1,500 compared to them being in a liquidity pool, $1,414.21, this would result in an impermanent loss of $85.79.

Amberdata takes those intraday mints and burns into consideration when calculating IL. Impermanent loss is a loss that funds are exposed to when they are in a liquidity pool. This loss typically occurs when the ratio of the tokens in the liquidity pool becomes uneven. Although, impermanent loss isn’t realized until the tokens are withdrawn from the liquidity pool. This loss is typically calculated by comparing the value of your tokens in the liquidity pool versus the value of simply holding them. Since stablecoins have price stability, liquidity pools that utilize stablecoins can be less exposed to impermanent loss.

  • This graph does not take trading fees earned from the LP into account.
  • Impermanent loss happens when the price of a token changes relative to its pair, between the time you deposit it in a liquidity pool and when you withdraw it.
  • For example, many IL calculations do not account for the mints and burns that a liquidity provider may make in a single day.
  • However, there is no standard rule of thumb to determine the loss before withdrawing your crypto assets.
  • While this formula allows the market to function, it is also what is responsible for Impermanent Loss. is an independent comparison platform and
information service that aims to provide you with information to help you make better decisions. We may receive payment from our affiliates for featured placement of their products or services. We may also receive payment if you click on certain links posted on our site.

They are able to achieve this through the application of an automated market maker (AMM). Impermanent loss (IL) is a unique risk involved with providing liquidity to dual-asset pools in DeFi protocols. It is the difference in value between depositing 2 cryptocurrency assets within an Automated Market Maker-based liquidity pool or simply holding them in a cryptocurrency wallet. Impermanent loss is a unique risk involved with providing liquidity to dual-asset pools in DeFi protocols.

Code is Law? Smart Contracts Explained

But a review of the basics can provide the tools necessary for such a report. Clearly this is an issue that needs to be addressed if AMMs are to achieve widespread adoption among everyday users and institutions. Learn more about DeFi and stay up-to-date with the latest developments for Ruby.Exchange by subscribing to the blog, or following us on Twitter and Telegram.

But if a liquidity provider gains enough exposure, rewards from transaction fees can potentially make up for the impermanent loss. Understanding impermanent loss is necessary for anyone who uses automated market makers because it helps in determining when to open and close positions. Generally speaking, you will always incur some level of impermanent loss when you participate in AMM-based protocols, regardless of price movement. Compared to holding, if asset prices go up, your position will grow less, and if prices go down, you will lose more. This is where trading fees and yield farming come in — they help negate impermanent loss such that your participating in the automated market maker is more profitable than simply holding.

Traders are usually required to pay some trading fees for the liquidity pools. Sometimes, these fees are enough to offset the impermanent loss experienced during the liquidity provision. So, it is a good idea to watch out for the AMMs providing some fees for providing liquidity. By far the most popular use case for liquidity pools is on decentralised exchanges (DEX), which have become the backbone of the DeFi ecosystem. Decentralised exchanges allow users to swap cryptocurrency assets via smart contracts.

The smart contract platform was created to automate the re-staking of popular farming pools to increase APY. An uneven liquidity pool is one way to lower IL, although of course it all depends on the performance of the underlying asset. You send LUSD stablecoin to the Stable Liquidity Pool to ensure liquidity solvency, and in return, you receive a profit accrued for a fee. Providing liquidity for only one currency does not result in IL, as there is no peg, so there will be no uneven price movement. If you bought the token at a lower or higher price than it is currently, it would not allow you to change that. If you require as much data as possible, you may need to utilize multiple calculators as there currently isn’t a calculator that provides every necessary function and data point.

How does impermanent loss work?

With every investment, that is the most challenging part, recognizing and understanding the most optimal investment. While AMM users provide liquidity to the pools, the prices of the cryptos are actually set by a mathematical formula, which may vary depending on the AMM. In fact, you may not actually lose any money, but rather your gains are less relative to if you had just left your assets untouched. Inversely, losses can be amplified depending on how the market moves. Impermanent loss is the change in the value of the liquidity provider’s share of an AMM pool, compared to the value if the original tokens had simply been held in an external wallet.

Though, it is important to remember that your return is calculated after collecting fees. So even if unequal price fluctuations cause impermanent loss, you may still be able to make a profit if rewards from transaction fees cover the difference. Exchanges do this by first charging a fee for every swap and then sharing those fees as rewards with all liquidity providers in the pool.

If you need to avoid permanent losses, staying away from volatile liquidity pools may be wise. Now that we know what impermanent losses are, how do we deal with them? In many liquidity pools, IL is an unavoidable reality, but there are undoubtedly several strategies you can use to mitigate or even avoid the effects of IL entirely. There will be no more losses when prices are back exactly where they were when you entered the pool. The simple way to mitigate impermanent loss is to provide liquidity for pairs where the relative price of each asset remains constant with the other in the pair.

Impermanent Loss Overview

Balancer is best known for pioneering these kinds of flexible pools, which notably can have asset ratios like 95/5, 80/20, 60/40, and so forth. You provide LUSD stablecoin to the Stable Liquidity Pool to ensure Liquity’s solvency and in return you receive the profit accrued from fee. The fact that you only provide liquidity for one currency will not lead to IL because there are no pairing here, so there will be no uneven movement in price. At the time of depositing the tokens, the size of the pool was 20 BTC and 200 ETH, so your total share of liquidity is 20%.